What Is Ovarian Cyst?
The ovaries are a pair of glands on either side of the uterus. It produces hormones including the main female hormone oestrogen and small amounts of androgens such as testosterone. Ovaries produce ova (eggs) from a small swelling called follicle which is then released into the uterus once a month, during the menstrual cycle.
An ovarian cyst is any collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Any ovarian follicle that is larger than about two centimeters is termed an ovarian cyst. An ovarian cyst can be as small as a pea, or larger than an orange. Most ovarian cysts are functional in nature, and harmless (benign). Some may cause problems such as rupturing, bleeding, or pain. Ovarian cysts affect women of all ages. However they occur most often during a woman's childbearing years.
In an ultrasound image, ovarian cysts resemble bubbles. The cyst contains only fluid and is surrounded by a very thin wall. This kind of cyst is also called a functional cyst, or simple cyst. If a follicle fails to rupture and release the egg, the fluid remains and can form a cyst in the ovary. This usually affects one of the ovaries. Small cysts (smaller than one-half inch) may be present in a normal ovary while follicles are being formed.Classification
Functional ovarian cysts
A functional ovarian cyst is a sac that forms on the surface of a woman’s ovary during ovulation. It holds a maturing egg. Usually the sac goes away after the egg is released. If an egg is not released, or if the sac closes up after the egg is released, the sac can swell up with fluid.
Functional ovarian cysts are different than ovarian growths caused by other problems, such as cancer. Most of these cysts are harmless. They do not cause symptoms, and they go away without treatment. But if a cyst becomes large, it can twist, rupture, or bleed and can be very painful.
The development of a functional ovarian cyst depends on hormonal stimulation of the ovary. A woman is more likely to develop a cyst if she is still menstruating and her body is producing the hormone estrogen. Postmenopausal women have a lower risk for developing ovarian cysts since they are no longer having menstrual periods. For this reason, many doctors recommend removal or biopsy of ovarian cysts in postmenopausal women, particularly if the cysts are larger than 1-2 inches in diameter.
The size of the ovarian cyst relates directly to the rate at which they shrink. As a rule, functional cysts are 2 inches in diameter or smaller and usually have one fluid-filled area or bubble.
The cyst wall is usually thin, and the inner side of the wall is smooth. An endovaginal ultrasound can reveal these features. Most cysts smaller than 2 inches in diameter are functional cysts.
Non-functional ovarian cysts
There are several of the other conditions affecting the ovary, described as types of cysts, but are not usually grouped with the functional cysts. Some of these are more commonly or more properly known by other names. These includes
The following are possible risk factors for developing ovarian cysts:
In most cases the presence of cysts goes unnoticed. The reason being; the cysts generally don’t cause any kind of symptom. If the cysts don’t have any symptoms then their detection is generally accidental. They are found during routine pelvic check up or during an ultra sound examination. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, based on the size and condition of the cyst treatment is started.
In most cases cysts are benign in nature and rarely cause much trouble. However, the following symptoms may be present alone or in combination:
With most ovarian cysts, everyday activities can still be maintained and the woman's life will not be affected.
Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis
A health care practitioner may perform the following tests to determine if a woman has an ovarian cyst or to help characterize the type of cyst that is present:
Ovarian Cysts Treatment
About 95% of ovarian cysts are benign, meaning they are not cancerous. Functional ovarian cysts are the most common type of ovarian cyst. They usually disappear by themselves and seldom require treatment. Treatment for cysts depends on the size of the cyst and symptoms presented.
Home treatment can help relieve the discomfort of functional ovarian cysts.
How can Homeopathy help?
There is no definite cause of formation of ovarian cyst, probably it is because of some hormonal imbalance of the ovary. That means ovarian cyst is true natural chronic disease with definite involvement of Miasm.
Homoeopathy got a generalized concept of disease irrespective of name and organ involved. It is the individual that is sick and to be restored to health, not the body, nor the tissue.
Ovarian cyst is not a disease itself rather it is a product and manifestation of some internal disease condition. Homeopathy can effectively treat ovarian cyst by correcting the hormonal imbalance, steadying the immunity and controlling the symptoms. In this process, a surgery is usually avoided and a long lasting cure results.