What is Gastroenteritis?
Gastroenteritis (otherwise known as stomach flu) is marked by severe inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract involving both the stomach and small intestine resulting in acute diarrhea and vomiting. It can be transferred by contact with contaminated food and water.
How is it caused?
Gastroenteritis has many causes. Viruses and bacteria are the most common. Viruses and bacteria are very contagious and can spread through contaminated food or water. In up to 50% of diarrheal outbreaks, no specific agent is found. The infection can spread from person to person because of improper hand washing following a bowel movement or handling a soiled diaper.
Gastroenteritis caused by viruses may last one to two days. However, some bacterial cases can continue for a longer period of time. The inflammation is caused most often by an infection from certain viruses or less often by bacteria, their toxins (e.g. SEB), parasites, or an adverse reaction to something in the diet or medication. At least 50% of cases of gastroenteritis resulting from foodborne illness are caused by norovirus. Another 20% of cases, and the majority of severe cases in children, are due to rotavirus. Other significant viral agents include adenovirus and astrovirus.
Gastroenteritis affects both the stomach and the intestines, resulting in both vomiting and diarrhea.
Common gastroenteritis symptoms:
More serious symptoms of gastroenteritis :
How is it diagnosed?
Information in the medical history that may be helpful in the diagnosis of gastroenteritis include:
With most infections, the key is to block the spread of the organism.
Gastroenteritis Medical Treatment
How can homeopathy help?
Gastroenteritis can become very serious in infants, young children, people with compromised immune systems and older adults. Homeopathy is a natural system of medicine. It aims at correcting the immune mechanism of the individual and thereby corrects the underlying morbid disorder that is causing the symptoms of gastroenteritis.
With continued homeopathic treatment, excellent results are seen to be obtained. Its therapeutics are not only effective in controlling the acute episodes, but also help in preventing the relapse and recurrence of the condition.